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Asia FirstChina and the Making of Modern American Conservatism$
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Joyce Mao

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780226252711

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226252858.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 16 September 2021

Firefights

Firefights

China’s Meanings after the Korean War

Chapter:
(p.78) 3 Firefights
Source:
Asia First
Author(s):

Joyce Mao

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226252858.003.0003

Focusing on U.S.-China-Taiwan relations during the early and mid-1950s, this chapter traces how conservative officials, led by Sen. William F. Knowland, parlayed continuing turmoil in the Pacific into practical legislative proposals. Congressional debates over the Bricker Amendment (1953), U.S. involvement in the United Nations, and crises in the Taiwan Strait addressed larger questions regarding executive overreach, collective peacekeeping, and preservation of constitutional principles vis à vis active global interventionism. It is argued that those legislative firefights were proxy battles seeking to redress past foreign policy, and they extended China’s political relevance well beyond the subject of Guomindang restoration or the Korean War. They also highlighted the battle between conservative and moderate Republicans even after the GOP’s electoral comeback in 1952.

Keywords:   William F. Knowland, Bricker Amendment, Taiwan Strait Crises, United Nations, Korean War, Guomindong

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