China’s Meanings after the Korean War
Focusing on U.S.-China-Taiwan relations during the early and mid-1950s, this chapter traces how conservative officials, led by Sen. William F. Knowland, parlayed continuing turmoil in the Pacific into practical legislative proposals. Congressional debates over the Bricker Amendment (1953), U.S. involvement in the United Nations, and crises in the Taiwan Strait addressed larger questions regarding executive overreach, collective peacekeeping, and preservation of constitutional principles vis à vis active global interventionism. It is argued that those legislative firefights were proxy battles seeking to redress past foreign policy, and they extended China’s political relevance well beyond the subject of Guomindang restoration or the Korean War. They also highlighted the battle between conservative and moderate Republicans even after the GOP’s electoral comeback in 1952.
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