Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Vital MinimumNeed, Science, and Politics in Modern France$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Dana Simmons

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780226251561

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226251738.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 07 December 2021

Science of Man

Science of Man

(p.116) Chapter 7 Science of Man
Vital Minimum

Dana Simmons

University of Chicago Press

This chapter outlines the scientific vision behind Vichy France’s authoritarian welfare state: a hybrid of economic theory and biosociology. A turn to the archive reveals how science and politics shaped two of Vichy’s major welfare policies: food rationing and the minimum wage. These case studies contribute to an ideological and scientific history of economics and welfare. The tools of neoclassical economics, such as general equilibrium and marginal utility, proved flexible enough to adapt to dirigiste, authoritarian states. The twentieth-century European welfare state was as much a racial-eugenic regime as a social-democratic one. Welfare logics and technologies passed from right to left, and reached a historical apotheosis in the authoritarian regimes of 1921-1945.

Keywords:   Vichy, occupied France, rationing, minimum wage, welfare state, economics, marginal utility, social Catholics, biosociology, corporatism

Chicago Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.