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The Political OrchestraThe Vienna and Berlin Philharmonics During the Third Reich$
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Fritz Trümpi

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780226251394

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226251424.001.0001

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Dependence and Protection under National Socialism

Dependence and Protection under National Socialism

(p.105) 4 Dependence and Protection under National Socialism
The Political Orchestra

Fritz Trümpi

Kenneth Kronenberg

University of Chicago Press

Minister of propaganda Joseph Goebbels supervised the Berlin Philharmonic directly; under him, the orchestra experienced an unprecedented financial restructuring. This chapter explores in detail the measures Goebbels implemented and examines their basis, as well as the consequences for not only the orchestra, but National Socialist culture policies as a whole. In contrast, the political responsibility for Viennese cultural institutions—including the Vienna Philharmonic—was not as clear-cut; this chapter offers a detailed examination of the debates and conflicts surrounding this responsibility and discusses the ramifications for the Vienna Philharmonic, both in terms of its public image and in terms of its finances.

Keywords:   National Socialism, state funding for orchestras, musical monopoly, military service exemption, privileges, state protection, Viennese cultural policies, centennial of the Vienna Philharmonic, Joesph Goebbels, Baldur von Schirach

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