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The Political OrchestraThe Vienna and Berlin Philharmonics During the Third Reich$
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Fritz Trümpi

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780226251394

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226251424.001.0001

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Continuous Radicalization under Austrofascism and National Socialism

Continuous Radicalization under Austrofascism and National Socialism

(p.71) 3 Continuous Radicalization under Austrofascism and National Socialism
The Political Orchestra

Fritz Trümpi

Kenneth Kronenberg

University of Chicago Press

Because the Berlin orchestra was already intimately bound to national interests in the Weimar Republic, the National Socialists encountered no difficulties in bringing the ensemble under state control in 1933. The Vienna Philharmonic, on the other hand, remained formally autonomous even during the period of Austrofascism (1933–38), although the orchestra did modify its internal structure according to an authoritarian model. It also participated in more events of political importance, a development that was strengthened further by the Anschluss of March 1938. This chapter discusses the consequences that befell the Jewish members of both orchestras due to National Socialism and examines the high number of orchestra musicians who belonged to the Nazi party.

Keywords:   National Socialism, Austrofascism, 1938 Anschluss of Austria, nationalization, associational status, orchestral organization, antisemitism, expulsion of Jewish musicians, Nazi party members, men's society

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