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The Courtiers' AnatomistsAnimals and Humans in Louis XIV's Paris$
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Anita Guerrini

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780226247663

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226248332.001.0001

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Conclusion

Conclusion

Chapter:
(p.239) Conclusion
Source:
The Courtiers' Anatomists
Author(s):

Anita Guerrini

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226248332.003.0008

The French played a distinctive role in the many comparative anatomies of this era. Perrault and the Academy joined anatomy closely to natural history and did not assume uniformity in nature, unlike most mechanical philosophers. Ideas about animal mechanism were indeed diverse and eclectic, and LeClerc and Manget’s 1685 Bibliotheca anatomica included several variations on this theme. The Academy’s comparative anatomy also contributed to discussions of classification and the definition of species. Anatomy in seventeenth-century Paris formed part of a wider cultural milieu that intertwined intellectual and courtly activities, where ancient and modern ideas coexisted as well as clashed. The honnêtes hommes of the academies and salons of Paris mingled science, art, music, and literature as interdependent forms of knowledge.

Keywords:   Claude Perrault, Paris Academy of Sciences, salons, Bibliotheca anatomica, honnêtes hommes, comparative anatomy, natural history, mechanism

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