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The Courtiers' AnatomistsAnimals and Humans in Louis XIV's Paris$
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Anita Guerrini

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780226247663

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226248332.001.0001

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Perrault, Duverney, and Animal Mechanism

Perrault, Duverney, and Animal Mechanism

(p.165) Five Perrault, Duverney, and Animal Mechanism
The Courtiers' Anatomists

Anita Guerrini

University of Chicago Press

Known as the “anatomiste des courtisans” (the courtiers’ anatomist) for his instruction of the Dauphin, Duverney, unlike other members of the Academy, only dissected. This chapter examineshis collaboration with Perrault in the 1676 Histoire des animaux and inPerrault’s 1680 essay on animal mechanism, which employed evidence from Academy dissections to elaborate a theory of the animal body based on peristaltic motion and an innate immaterial soul. The 1676 volume also acknowledged the Versailles menagerie, where animal themes dominated, particularly in the Labyrinth designed by André le Nôtre and Charles Perrault. Charles contributed to his brother’s ideas about hearing, the ear, and the value of modern music, particularly opera. Duverney also wrote about the anatomy of the ear.

Keywords:   Claude Perrault, Charles Perrault, Joseph-Guichard Duverney, Paris Academy of Sciences, mechanism, Versailles, ear, music, opera

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