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Corporate Social Responsibility?Human Rights in the New Global Economy$
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Charlotte Walker-Said and John D. Kelly

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780226244273

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226244440.001.0001

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An Emerging History of CSR

An Emerging History of CSR

The Economic Trials at Nuremberg (1945–49)

Chapter:
(p.125) Chapter Six An Emerging History of CSR
Source:
Corporate Social Responsibility?
Author(s):

Jonathan A. Bush

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226244440.003.0006

This chapter surveys CSR antecedents in one specific setting: the Nuremberg trials between 1945 and 1949, which included trials of some fifty businessmen and which are much discussed in legal writing about international business responsibility. The chapter in part examines how economic violations of the grossest kind, morally shocking but untested in law, were weighed at Nuremberg against norms that were asserted, developed, and used as the decisional basis for the first time in international law, and how those norms hardened from moral exhortation to legal rule. Yet in many ways Nuremberg's economic cases were failures, and the essay also asks how failure in the courtroom came to be a success afterward for law and for CSR.

Keywords:   Nuremberg, war crimes, corporate social responsibility, corporations, World War II

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