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Capitalizing China$
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Joseph P. H. Fan and Randall Morck

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780226237244

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226237268.001.0001

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Provincial and Local Governments in China

Provincial and Local Governments in China

Fiscal Institutions and Government Behavior

(p.337) 8Provincial and Local Governments in China
Capitalizing China

Wei Li

Roger H. Gordon

University of Chicago Press

This chapter examines the economic incentives available to local officials in China. The key hypothesis is that the welfare of local officials is heavily dependent on the amount of government revenue collected in their jurisdiction, minus the amount needed to provide services to local residents. The chapter is organized as follows. Section 8.1 reviews literature on the forms of oversight of local officials. Section 8.2 develops an alternative model in which the incentives faced by officials depend on the tax revenue they receive minus whatever they need to spend on local public services. Section 8.3 examines how these incentives were affected by tax law changes and market reforms. Section 8.4 considers the additional incentives faced by officials due to national government control over their possible promotion or demotion. Section 8.5 looks at the effects of policy reforms on incentives. A commentary is included at the end of the chapter.

Keywords:   local government, provincial government, incentives, financial policy, fiscal policy, public finance, government revenue

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