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Anthropology at WarWorld War I and the Science of Race in Germany$
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Andrew D. Evans

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780226222677

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: March 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226222691.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 17 September 2021



(p.1) Introduction
Anthropology at War
University of Chicago Press

Anthropology was still in its youth as an established area of study when the war broke out in 1914. The discipline, which claimed to be pursuing the “science of man,” began to take formal institutional shape in the late nineteenth century. This introductory chapter sets out this book's purpose, which is to present an intellectual and cultural history of anthropology during wartime. The book contends that World War I played a crucial role in the transformation of German anthropology from the decidedly liberal discipline of the late nineteenth century into the racist and nationalistic race science of the 1920s. Anthropologists and the impact of the war are examined primarily within three institutional contexts: the anthropological society, the university, and the ethnographic museum. An overview of the subsequent chapters is also presented.

Keywords:   German anthropology, Germany, liberal discipline, racism, World War I, anthropological society, university, ethnographic museum

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