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Serengeti IVSustaining biodiversity in a coupled human-natural system$
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Anthony R. E. Sinclair, Kristine L. Metzger, Simon A. R. Mduma, and John M. Fryxell

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780226195834

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226196336.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 18 September 2021

Sustainability of the Serengeti-Mara Ecosystem for Wildlife and People

Sustainability of the Serengeti-Mara Ecosystem for Wildlife and People

(p.736) (p.737) Twenty-Five Sustainability of the Serengeti-Mara Ecosystem for Wildlife and People
Serengeti IV

Robin S. Reid

Kathleen A. Galvin

Eli J. Knapp

Joseph O. Ogutu

Dickson S. Kaelo

University of Chicago Press

There are three main goals for sustainability of the Serengeti-Mara ecosystem. The first is that of the conservationists, which include local tourism businesses, local and foreign conservationists, national governments and some of the local people. From their perspective, the Serengeti-Mara represents an all-too-rare standard of an ecosystem ‘undisturbed’ by the human hand, a benchmark which is crucial to our efforts to understand how humans are modifying the earth. The system also represents a gold mine of profits for governments, the tourism industry and some local elites. A second perspective is that of many of the Maasai pastoralists living in Kenya and Tanzania: their livelihoods are sometimes threatened by wildlife directly, but even more so by their loss of access to the land they have grazed for centuries as more and more of it has been converted to protected areas. A third perspective is that of the farmers and hunters west of the Serengeti and Mara, many of whose cultures pre-date the Maasai. From their perspective, access to wild meat may be important to sustainability of their households, and thus they may include this access as part of their goals to sustain their livelihoods.

Keywords:   sustainability, Serengeti-Mara, protected areas, globalization

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