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Serengeti IVSustaining biodiversity in a coupled human-natural system$
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Anthony R. E. Sinclair, Kristine L. Metzger, Simon A. R. Mduma, and John M. Fryxell

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780226195834

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226196336.001.0001

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Multiple Functions and Institutions

Multiple Functions and Institutions

Management Complexity in the Serengeti Ecosystem

Chapter:
(p.700) (p.701) Twenty-Four Multiple Functions and Institutions
Source:
Serengeti IV
Author(s):

Deborah Randall

Anke Fischer

Alastair Nelson

Maurus Msuha

Asanterabi Lowassa

Camilla Sandström

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226196336.003.0024

The multifunctionality of the Serengeti ecosystem is evident in the range of ecological, economic and socio-cultural goods and services across the landscape and the many institutions designed to manage these functions. Navigating the institutional complexity with respect to wildlife, land and local community rights in Tanzania remains a huge challenge. Most of the relevant policies recognize the linkages between functions and institutions, but they are still, for the most part, sector oriented with no clearly defined mechanisms for collaboration with other sectors or stakeholders. As a result the existing institutions tend to guard the ecosystem’s functions only partially or selectively. In some cases, local institutions - both formal (e.g. police, judiciary, rural development authorities) and informal (e.g. social norms and customs) - exist but are not being used effectively and, in the case of local informal rules, may be eroding over time. This institutional interplay is increasingly giving rise to conflicts between actors and the functions they seek to enhance. The continued enhancement of adaptive co-management can not only help reconcile the multifunctionality of the Serengeti ecosystem but also improve its resilience to environmental and social change and, ultimately, help ensure sustainability.

Keywords:   ecological functions, socio-cultural functions, MKUKUTA, tourism, local governance

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