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Serengeti IVSustaining biodiversity in a coupled human-natural system$
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Anthony R. E. Sinclair, Kristine L. Metzger, Simon A. R. Mduma, and John M. Fryxell

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780226195834

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226196336.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 18 September 2021

Human Health in the Greater Serengeti Ecosystem

Human Health in the Greater Serengeti Ecosystem

(p.679) Twenty-Three Human Health in the Greater Serengeti Ecosystem
Serengeti IV

Linda M. Knapp

Eli J. Knapp

Kristine L. Metzger

Dennis Rentsch

Rene Beyers

Katie Hampson

Jennifer Schmitt

Sarah Cleaveland

Kathleen A. Galvin

University of Chicago Press

Summary statistics of mean z-scores for height-for-age and weight-for-age reveal that the entire population of GSE is stunted (due to chronic under-nutrition) and underweight (which could be a sign of long or short-term malnutrition). When compared to the mean z-scores for all of rural mainland Tanzania, we see that these health problems are not unique to the GSE. In fact, only 15% of GSE villages sampled had mean z-scores (for both height-for-age and weight-for-age) that were below the mean z-scores for all of rural mainland Tanzania. Such a finding suggests that conservation agendas alone are not the cause of malnutrition in the GSE but poor nutrition is more a sign of the ongoing political and economic struggle of all rural Tanzanians. To further understand these patterns of heterogeneity in human health across the GSE, more research is needed to uncover the ultimate drivers of malnutrition and poor health.

Keywords:   Nilotic Maasai pastoralists, Bantu horticulturalists, HIV, malaria, malnutrition, childhood health

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