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The Limits of MatterChemistry, Mining, and Enlightenment$
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Hjalmar Fors

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780226194998

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226195049.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 17 October 2021

Elements of Enlightenment

Elements of Enlightenment

(p.99) 5 Elements of Enlightenment
The Limits of Matter

Hjalmar Fors

University of Chicago Press

This chapter investigates the interconnectedness of mining knowledge in a wider German and Swedish cultural sphere, and how the Officials of the Bureau began to distinguish themselves from their counterparts in the mining regions of the Holy Roman Empire. It outlines how officials of the Bureau such as Georg Brandt and Axel Fredrik Cronstedt created a new type of mechanical, mineralogical chemistry by integrating chymistry with assaying practices, and with the natural history of e. g., Carl Linnaeus. This thoroughly transformed the production of knowledge at the Bureau, and established the foundations of a new cameralist science of mining, devoid of what now had come to be regarded as superfluous speculation, and with a new theoretical and methodological foundation in chemistry and physics/mechanics.

Keywords:   chemistry, mineralogy, assaying, natural history, mining knowledge, chemical elements, metal discoveries, matter theory, ontology

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