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FuckologyCritical Essays on John Money's Diagnostic Concepts$
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Lisa Downing, Iain Morland, and Nikki Sullivan

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780226186580

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226186757.001.0001

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Normophilia and Biophilia in John Money’s Sexology

(p.158) Chapter 6 “Citizen-Paraphiliac”

Lisa Downing

University of Chicago Press

Authored by Lisa Downing, this chapter focuses in detail on one key aspect of John Money’s work on paraphilia, namely the idea that paraphilia is the dangerous and deadly form of eroticism that compromises the proper, life-giving “nature” of reproductive sexuality and thereby threatens the social order. It argues that, at the fantasy level of Money’s system, paraphilia is understood as leading to individual and social death, in the intellectual historical context of a biological and psychological worldview in which the theory of “biophilia” was proliferating. The chapter explores Money’s wish to attain a “paraphilia-free” society, alongside his paradoxical call for “a pluralistic democracy of sexualism,” showing that his writing on paraphilia reveals one of the tensions at the heart of his “sex-positive” liberalism and libertarianism. For Money, and many who influenced and follow him, the possibility of the figure of the “paraphiliac citizen” is not admitted. Using insights from queer citizenship studies, the anti-social turn in queer theory, and what Judith Jack Halberstam has termed “shadow feminism,” the chapter undertakes a critique of the bio-normativity of this premise and the conservative paradigm of health and harm on which it rests.

Keywords:   anti-social queer, biophilia, citizenship, feminism, human rights, normophilia, paraphilia, reproduction

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