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FuckologyCritical Essays on John Money's Diagnostic Concepts$
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Lisa Downing, Iain Morland, and Nikki Sullivan

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780226186580

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226186757.001.0001

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The Matter of Gender

The Matter of Gender

Chapter:
(p.19) chapter 1 The Matter of Gender
Source:
Fuckology
Author(s):

Nikki Sullivan

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226186757.003.0001

Authored by Nikki Sullivan, this chapter examines John Money’s establishment of the model of gender identity/role (G-I/R), which has been at once highly influential and largely misunderstood. Given that his conception of G-I/R was foundational to his understanding and “treatment” of intersex, transsexuality, and what he saw as “atypical” erotic desires and practices, as well as to his critique of feminism(s), liberationism, and other critical movements, a close reading of Money’s account of G-I/R and its uptake (by, for example, radical feminists, liberal feminists, gay liberationists, queer theorists, trans theorists/activists, feminist philosophers of the body, and new materialists) is long overdue. This chapter provides a close critical engagement with Money’s often contradictory claims about G-I/R and its attribution, arguing that while neither simply constructionist nor purely deterministic, Money’s formulation of G-I/R exemplifies what the feminist scholar Linda Nicholson has called “biological foundationalism.”

Keywords:   constructionism, determinism, feminism, gender, John Money, queer, transsexuality

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