This chapter considers the rise and fall of states or civilizations. Human creation happens in time and also succumbs to time. Thus, civilizations must meet their end, which, however, also ushers in a time-Gestalt in which a new beginning can be made, in such a way that historical existence has, in its totality, the shape of a recurrence. A state or civilization arises, as Plato has shown, in a time in which a previous civilization has died and has been forgotten. The scattered human communities that continue existing in this emptiness eventually come together to make a new beginning toward an end, which, however, is never perfectly reached. This is because, in the political existence thus begun, the meaning of this existence, and along with it the need for government, are forgotten, and, spoiled by their long time in time, human beings allow their political civilization to become extinguished. Thus the cycle starts again.
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