As Plato shows most lucidly, Eros both arises out of the opposition of things and is also the force that brings things together. But alongside the sociable Eros, there is also the force of quarrelsome discord. In human beings, Eros is manifested through the division into male and female, a division that is at the same time the reason for their desire for re-union. But this desire has a different aim according to the way that a human being is pulled by the “strings” of pleasure and pain. A wholly disordered, i.e., and evil soul, is attracted to the other for the sake not of letting it be but of possesssing and devouring it; this is the eros tyrannos. An ordered soul, on the other hand, maintains the proper relation to the other by letting things be what they are, and by relating to other human beings according to the model of the harmony between heaven and earth, humans and gods; this is the eros philosophos, which is a form of the presence of the Divine in human existence.
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