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The Second BirthOn the Political Beginnings of Human Existence$
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Tilo Schabert

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780226038056

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226185156.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 19 September 2021

In Eros

In Eros

(p.81) In Eros
The Second Birth

Tilo Schabert

, Javier Ibáñez-Noé
University of Chicago Press

As Plato shows most lucidly, Eros both arises out of the opposition of things and is also the force that brings things together. But alongside the sociable Eros, there is also the force of quarrelsome discord. In human beings, Eros is manifested through the division into male and female, a division that is at the same time the reason for their desire for re-union. But this desire has a different aim according to the way that a human being is pulled by the “strings” of pleasure and pain. A wholly disordered, i.e., and evil soul, is attracted to the other for the sake not of letting it be but of possesssing and devouring it; this is the eros tyrannos. An ordered soul, on the other hand, maintains the proper relation to the other by letting things be what they are, and by relating to other human beings according to the model of the harmony between heaven and earth, humans and gods; this is the eros philosophos, which is a form of the presence of the Divine in human existence.

Keywords:   eros, man and woman, evil, Eros tyrannos, Eros philosophos

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