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Darwin's OrchidsThen and Now$
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Retha Edens-Meier and Peter Bernhardt

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780226044910

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226173641.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 02 December 2021

Ophrys Pollination:

Ophrys Pollination:

From Darwin to the Present Day

(p.47) Three Ophrys Pollination
Darwin's Orchids

Nicolas J. Vereecken

Ana Francisco

University of Chicago Press

Darwin compared cross- and self-pollination in two Ophrys species but never saw insects visiting the flowers or dispersing their pollinaria (see Chapter 1). Early in the 20th century, observers noted that these flowers mimicked the bodies of female insects and were pollinated exclusively by males of appropriate species (see also Chapters 4-6). Bertil Kullenberg (1913-2007) pioneered studies on the adaptive significance of structures on the surfaces of the flowers, including pigmentation patterns, scent molecules, and epidermal morphology. Field and lab studies continue to reveal evolutionary pathways within this complicated, old world genus.

Keywords:   Darwin, epidermal, evolutionary, insects, Kullenberg, mimic, Ophrys, pigmentation, pollinaria, scent

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