Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Huxley's Church and Maxwell's DemonFrom Theistic Science to Naturalistic Science$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Matthew Stanley

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780226164878

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226164908.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 27 May 2022

Intellectual Freedom

Intellectual Freedom

(p.153) Chapter Five Intellectual Freedom
Huxley's Church and Maxwell's Demon

Matthew Stanley

University of Chicago Press

The previous chapter laid the foundation for the argument that the central controversy in the control of Victorian science education was not religion, but rather sectarianism and dogmatism. Closer inspection of Huxley’s attacks on theology and the established church, particularly through his narratives of the history of religion, shows that the fundamental point of contention was the issue of the compulsion of belief. He argued that the practice of science could only be done in a space of intellectual liberty, which certain theological institutions had been working to constrain. Huxley’s Church Scientific then, can be seen less as a fortress against God and more as a space for free inquiry where theists could be quite comfortable. Maxwell’s evangelical values are then examined to show their unexpected overlap with Huxley’s defense of liberty: hostility to institutional authority, avoidance of compulsion, and commitment to individual decision-making. The naturalistic and theistic values here also converge on the role of the Bible in education.

Keywords:   James Clerk Maxwell, Thomas Henry Huxley, intellectual freedom, sectarianism, dogma, science education, evangelicalism, ecumenicism, John Tyndall, Belfast Address

Chicago Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.