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Human Capital in HistoryThe American Record$
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Leah Platt Boustan, Carola Frydman, and Robert A. Margo

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780226163895

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226163925.001.0001

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The Female Labor Force and Long-Run Development

The Female Labor Force and Long-Run Development

The American Experience in Comparative Perspective

Chapter:
(p.161) 5 The Female Labor Force and Long-Run Development
Source:
Human Capital in History
Author(s):

Leah Platt Boustan

Carola Frydman

Robert A. Margo

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226163925.003.0006

This chapter provides additional evidence on the U-shaped relationship between the process of economic development and women’s labor force participation. The experience of the United States is studied in a comparative perspective relative to a sample of rich economies observed over the period 1890-2005. The analysis confirms the existence of a U-shaped female labor supply function, coming from both cross-country and within country variation. Further analysis of a large cross section of economies observed over the post-WWII period suggests that the timing of a country’s transition to a modern path of economic development affects the shape of women’s labor supply.

Keywords:   female labor force, U-shaped labor supply, structural transformation, comparative, gender equality, economic development

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