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FalloutNuclear Diplomacy in an Age of Global Fracture$
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Grégoire Mallard

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780226157894

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226157924.001.0001

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Secrecy and Transparency in the Early Nuclear Age

Secrecy and Transparency in the Early Nuclear Age

How They Both Failed World Federalists

(p.41) Three Secrecy and Transparency in the Early Nuclear Age

Grégoire Mallard

University of Chicago Press

Chapter 3 analyzes how transparency works in treaty negotiations. It takes the case of the negotiations of the first nuclear nonproliferation and disarmament treaty that was tabled at the U.N. immediately after the Second World War, and it explains why, in this context, U.S. diplomats privileged the search for transparent legal rules. More specifically, it shows that transparent diplomacy, far from being the consensual product of a Wilsonian approach to nuclear diplomacy, was a ploy that top U.S. officials used to subvert the efforts of the U.S. diplomats who genuinely defended the creation of a global and supranational organization dealing with nuclear research, development and trade: by eliminating the diplomatic backchannels between the West and the East, transparency worked hand in hand with secrecy to limit the range of policy options that were discussed by the U.S. government. Without a dose of polysemy, it concludes that global treaty negotiations on nuclear issues were doomed to fail at the beginning of the Cold War.

Keywords:   transparency, secrecy, East-West relations, diplomacy, United Nations, nuclear disarmament, world federalism

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