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A City for ChildrenWomen, Architecture, and the Charitable Landscapes of Oakland, 1850-1950$
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Marta Gutman

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780226311289

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226156156.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 23 September 2021

The Landscape of Charity in California:

The Landscape of Charity in California:

First Imprints in San Francisco

Chapter:
(p.35) Two The Landscape of Charity in California
Source:
A City for Children
Author(s):

Marta Gutman

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226156156.003.0002

In the chaotic years following the Gold Rush, when homeless children roamed the streets of San Francisco, Protestant and Catholic women built the first imprints in the landscape of charity in the new state of California. The charitable public insisted that indigent children not be housed in the almshouse or the city jail but rather in different institutions than adults. The Industrial School, built by the government and run by men, is compared with the Protestant Orphan Asylum, the Roman Catholic Orphan Asylum, and other woman-run charities for children. Capitalizing on gender in the mixed economy of social welfare to win a foothold in public culture, women raised money to replace repurposed houses with purpose-built orphanages and used state subsidies to offset costs. Location, design, construction material, style, and program are compared, and the invidious effects of the feminization of poverty, nativism, and racism assessed in the rapidly urbanizing West.

Keywords:   Gold Rush, homeless children, almshouse, industrial school, public culture, Protestant and Catholic orphanages, feminization of poverty, nativism, racism

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