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Colonial Encounters in Ancient IberiaPhoenician, Greek, and Indigenous Relations$
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Michael Dietler and Carolina Lopez-Ruiz

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780226148472

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: March 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226148489.001.0001

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Greeks and the Iberian Peninsula: Forms of Exchange and Settlements

Greeks and the Iberian Peninsula: Forms of Exchange and Settlements

Chapter:
(p.131) Five Greeks and the Iberian Peninsula: Forms of Exchange and Settlements
Source:
Colonial Encounters in Ancient Iberia
Author(s):

Pierre Rouillard

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226148489.003.0005

Within the Mediterranean region, the Iberian Peninsula is the only place where Phoenicians, Carthaginians, and Greeks interacted during the same time period and participated equally in the Mediterranean network of exchanges. It is also the only territory where groups of both Semitic and Greek origin lived side by side for five centuries without the geographical boundaries that existed in Sicily. Trading centers on the Iberian Peninsula share two basic traits: they are small and do not occupy much land, and they are without an extensive hinterland or chora. This chapter makes the case for the Greek contribution to the colonial situation and challenges a number of prior assumptions on the basis of recent archaeological excavations. In particular, it presses the case for “colonization without colonies,” arguing that the number of alien colonists in Iberia, Greek or Phoenician, was very small and confined to rather modest settlements of a distinctive type that it calls “Hispanic emporia.”

Keywords:   Mediterranean, Iberian Peninsula, Greeks, exchanges, trading centers, colonization, Iberia, Hispanic emporia, settlements

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