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Colonial Encounters in Ancient IberiaPhoenician, Greek, and Indigenous Relations$
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Michael Dietler and Carolina Lopez-Ruiz

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780226148472

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: March 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226148489.001.0001

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Colonial Contacts and Protohistoric Indigenous Urbanism on the Mediterranean Coast of the Iberian Peninsula

Colonial Contacts and Protohistoric Indigenous Urbanism on the Mediterranean Coast of the Iberian Peninsula

Chapter:
(p.91) Three Colonial Contacts and Protohistoric Indigenous Urbanism on the Mediterranean Coast of the Iberian Peninsula
Source:
Colonial Encounters in Ancient Iberia
Author(s):

Maria Carme Belarte

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226148489.003.0003

At the end of the eighth century BC, the indigenous populations of the Iberian Peninsula began a period characterized by contacts with other peoples of the Mediterranean. These colonial contacts took a variety of forms, from simple commercial activity initiated by traders (without the foundation of settlements) to the establishment of new colonial settlements with a largely foreign population—as in the case of the Phoenician settlements of the south and southeast of the Peninsula or that of Sa Caleta on the Island of Ibiza. In regard to urbanism and architecture, it is generally accepted that the presence of these settlements resulted in indigenous peoples' adoption of some new elements, such as a rectangular floor plan and buildings with a complex ground plan. This chapter analyzes the current state of research concerning the first urbanism on the Mediterranean peninsular coast, placing emphasis on the significance of the potential role played by the colonial factor—in particular, Phoenician commerce. The discussion is centered on southern Catalonia, but selected sites of the littoral are also examined.

Keywords:   Iberian Peninsula, indigenous peoples, urbanism, architecture, Mediterranean, settlements, commerce, Catalonia, colonial contacts

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