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The Birth of Theory$
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Andrew Cole

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780226135397

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226135564.001.0001

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The Lord and the Bondsman

The Lord and the Bondsman

(p.65) 3 The Lord and the Bondsman
The Birth of Theory

Andrew Cole

University of Chicago Press

This chapter supplies a crucial reinterpretation of Hegel’s master/slave--or better, “lord/bondsman”--dialectic. Scholars from Kojève on have misrecognized the ways in which Hegel writes this episode as a fundamentally feudal narrative depicting the struggle for possession (specifically, for land) between the Herr and the Knecht. For Hegel, this episode has contemporary significance not because of any supposed reference to ancient slavery or the Transatlantic slave trade, but because he himself lived in a time when feudalism (Grundherrschaft or Herrschaft) was still practiced in Germany, as historians have long acknowledged. Hegel, in short, is critiquing contemporary social and economic conditions as powerfully as would Marx. The chapter concludes with a discussion of Marx’s insights into the Herrschaftsverhältnis (master-servant relation) and suggests that Marx learned to demystify capital by contrasting it with feudalism, as conceived in Hegelian terms. In particular, Marx and later theorists follow Hegel in understanding that the uneasy coexistence of feudalism and capitalism necessitates the use of dialectics.

Keywords:   Hegel, Marx, master-slave dialectic, lord-bondsman dialectic, feudalism, historiography, German history, slavery, modes of production, historical materialism

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