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A World More ConcreteReal Estate and the Remaking of Jim Crow South Florida$
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N. D. B. Connolly

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780226115146

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226135250.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 16 January 2022

The Magic City

The Magic City

Chapter:
(p.19) Chapter One The Magic City
Source:
A World More Concrete
Author(s):

N. D. B. Connolly

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226135250.003.0002

This is the first of two chapters to explore the early development and experience of residential segregation in South Florida between the 1890s and early 1920s. It focuses on how city officials, developers, homeowners, and landlords juggled concerns over South Florida’s residential growth with practical efforts to initiate and maintain a workable color line. Over the course of creating the conditions for what local elites considered peaceful economic growth, property rights proved to be a powerful source of political power, as black and white property owners became the principal brokers in negotiating the rules of Jim Crow segregation. The chapter places special emphasis on national and local debates around racial zoning between 1915 and 1922, while also detailing how displays of black and Native American subservience at South Florida’s various tourist attractions proved critical to sustaining the region’s early economy.

Keywords:   urban development, property rights, racial zoning, Seminole Indians, African Americans, White Americans, Bahamas, tourism, eminent domain, Coral Gables

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