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The Constitution in CongressDescent into the Maelstrom, 1829-1861$
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David P. Currie

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780226129167

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: March 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226131160.001.0001

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The Great Southwest

The Great Southwest

(p.85) 5 The Great Southwest
The Constitution in Congress
University of Chicago Press

The Transcontinental Treaty of 1819 led to a boundary between the United States and the Spanish territory at the Sabine River—the western limit of the state of Louisiana. During the Senate debate on the annexation treaty, Thomas Hart Benton repeatedly condemned President Tyler and his subordinates for “lending” the army and navy to Texas to make unauthorized war on Mexico. To minimize friction with Mexico, the joint resolution inviting Texas to apply for statehood expressly left the question for future negotiation. An 1836 Texas statute proclaimed that the republic extended to what was variously known as the Rio Bravo, the Rio del Norte, or the Rio Grande. Mexico, which still claimed Texas as one of its provinces, argued that its southern boundary was the Nueces River whose mouth was 150 miles or so farther north, near the tiny settlement of Corpus Christi.

Keywords:   Spanish territory, Sabine River, Texas, Mexico, joint resolution, Nueces River

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