Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Biological Foundations of Organizational Behavior$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Stephen M. Colarelli and Richard D. Arvey

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780226127156

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226127293.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 20 May 2022

Fitness, Adaptation, and Survival:

Fitness, Adaptation, and Survival:

The Role of Socio-Anthropic Characteristics, Personality, and Intelligence in Work Behavior

(p.91) Five Fitness, Adaptation, and Survival
The Biological Foundations of Organizational Behavior

Timothy A. Judge

Robert Hogan

University of Chicago Press

This chapter examines four evolutionary themes which are relevant to today's workplace: humans evolved in groups, groups are involved in constant warfare, every group has a status hierarchy, and every group has a need to find order and structure in the world. These elements map onto modern times by explaining success as getting along and getting ahead. Understanding individual differences relevant to these two criteria can shed light on many workplace predispositions and seemingly inexplicable research findings in the organizational literature. Individual differences related to surface characteristics such as height, attractiveness, weight, and age affect important outcomes such as income, leadership emergence, and general occupational success. These characteristics are not always directly related to workplace performance; rather they are related to people's reactions to and attributions of others depending on where others stand in regards to these characteristics. These biases and heuristics can be accounted for by different levels of these characteristics being advantageous for human survival and reproduction. Furthermore, a biological understanding also reveals the importance of deep level characteristics: relations to authority, social sensitivity, and competitiveness.

Keywords:   individual differences, evolution, groups, warfare, status

Chicago Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.