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The Biological Foundations of Organizational Behavior$
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Stephen M. Colarelli and Richard D. Arvey

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780226127156

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226127293.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 18 May 2022

The Biological Basis of Entrepreneurship

The Biological Basis of Entrepreneurship

(p.71) Four The Biological Basis of Entrepreneurship
The Biological Foundations of Organizational Behavior

Scott Shane

Nicos Nicolaou

University of Chicago Press

During the past fifty years, academics have tried to understand the factors that influence the tendency of people to engage in entrepreneurial activity. Recently, researchers have examined whether there is a genetic predisposition to entrepreneurship. By dint of our genetic makeup, are some of us more likely than others to come up with new business ideas, start companies, and engage in the other activities that entrepreneurs undertake? This chapter provides a framework to explain how human biology affects the tendency of people to become entrepreneurs. It discusses how researchers have learned about genetic effects on entrepreneurial activity and how they have identified physiological pathways through which biological factors influence business behavior. It discusses the two primary ways in which researchers seek to identify genetic effects on entrepreneurial activity: quantitative and molecular genetics studies. It also examines how researchers use cognitive neuroscience and studies of hormones to investigate the physiological mechanisms through which biological factors operate. Finally, it discusses the implications of a biological perspective for entrepreneurship research.

Keywords:   entrepreneurship, quantitative genetics, twin studies, molecular genetics, cognitive neuroscience, cognitive neuroscience

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