Biology and Organizational Behavior
This chapter provides a conceptual and integrative summary of the book. The theory of evolution by natural selection is one of the most well supported theories in science, and it has had a profound influence the modern life sciences. Yet, biological and evolutionary perspectives are rare in organizational behavior. This chapter discusses historical and paradigmatic reasons why scholars in OB may have been reluctant to incorporate biological and evolutionary psychological perspectives, argues why a biological perspective is needed, and explains how a biological perspective can be helpful to and compatible with OB scholarship. Pointing out that interdisciplinary collaboration among biologists and social scientists is becoming increasingly important as we learn more about the biological mechanisms influencing human behavior, the chapter argues for incorporating increased biological and evolutionary perspectives in theory and research in OB.
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