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Iberian Imperialism and Language Evolution in Latin America$
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Salikoko S. Mufwene

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780226126173

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226125671.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 08 December 2021

Language and Conquest: Tupi-Guarani Expansion in the European Colonization of Brazil and Amazonia

Language and Conquest: Tupi-Guarani Expansion in the European Colonization of Brazil and Amazonia

Chapter:
(p.143) 5 Language and Conquest: Tupi-Guarani Expansion in the European Colonization of Brazil and Amazonia
Source:
Iberian Imperialism and Language Evolution in Latin America
Author(s):

M. Kittiya Lee

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226125671.003.0005

This chapter provides the historical context for understanding the early development of the language known to colonial writers and observers as the Brasílica and referenced in linguistic and historical scholarship as the Língua Geral of Brazil. It examines the colonial-era relations between Tupi-Guarani Indians and the Portuguese and other Europeans in Brazil and Amazonia. It begins with an ethnohistorical analysis of a 1519 vocabulary in order to illustrate the nature and linguistic range of initial inter-ethnic communication. The characteristics evident in this early encounter are then viewed over the longue durée of three centuries (1500-1800) to suggest that the language family shaped inter-ethnic affairs – including linguistic communication – because of a distinct Tupi-Guarani ethos of engagement with European and non-Tupi-Guarani indigenous outsiders.

Keywords:   lingua franca, inter-ethnic relations, Língua Geral, Tupi-Guarani, colonial history, colonization

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