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After They Closed the GatesJewish Illegal Immigration to the United States, 1921-1965$
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Libby Garland

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780226122458

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226122595.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 20 September 2021

Smuggling in Jews

Smuggling in Jews

(p.89) Chapter 3 Smuggling in Jews
After They Closed the Gates

Libby Garland

University of Chicago Press

Chapter Three explores the underground of Jewish organizing around migration, namely the profit-driven world of Jewish alien smuggling. Like legitimate Jewish organizations, smuggling rings sought to shape the ways the quota laws functioned in reality. The chapter demonstrates that there was a symbiotic relationship between government mechanisms of enforcement and smuggling networks. Each provided the other with a reason for being, and each shaped the strategies the other used to achieve their goals. Tracing the emergence of this underworld, moreover, sheds light on how the very act of migration increasingly came to be associated with criminality during this era, helping to create a national conception of the dangers posed by “smuggled aliens.”

Keywords:   alien smuggling, criminality, illegal immigration, smuggled aliens, Jewish immigration, Jews, quota laws, border control

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