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Lost Classroom, Lost CommunityCatholic Schools' Importance in Urban America$
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Margaret F. Brinig and Nicole Stelle Garnett

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780226122007

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226122144.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 22 November 2019

Catholic School Closures and Neighborhood Crime

Catholic School Closures and Neighborhood Crime

Chapter:
(p.76) Chapter Four Catholic School Closures and Neighborhood Crime
Source:
Lost Classroom, Lost Community
Author(s):

Margaret F. Brinig

Nicole Stelle Garnett

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226122144.003.0004

Chapter 3 suggests that the closure of Catholic elementary schools generates disorder and suppresses social cohesion in urban neighborhoods — findings that support the conclusion that Catholic elementary schools create neighborhood social capital. This chapter extends the empirical inquiry to whether closures might also affect crime rates. As before the chapter uses school and parish leadership characteristics to create an exogenous (instrumental) factor that predicts which Catholic schools might close in urban Chicago, and used that factor, with sociodemographic variables, to predict police-beat-level crime rates. Catholic school closures apparently slow the rate of decline of crime in a police beat compared to beats with no Catholic school closure, and that that higher perceived disorder predicted higher initial levels of crime. The findings provide insight into which policing policies are effective and the benefits of involving religious institutions in crime-prevention efforts.

Keywords:   schools, crime, social capital, disorder, Chicago, Catholic, empirical, urban

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