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Costa Rican Ecosystems$
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Maarten Kappelle

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780226121505

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226121642.001.0001

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The Northern Pacific Lowland Seasonal Dry Forests of Guanacaste and the Nicoya Peninsula

The Northern Pacific Lowland Seasonal Dry Forests of Guanacaste and the Nicoya Peninsula

Chapter:
(p.247) Chapter 9 The Northern Pacific Lowland Seasonal Dry Forests of Guanacaste and the Nicoya Peninsula
Source:
Costa Rican Ecosystems
Author(s):

Quírico Jiménez M.

Eduardo Carrillo J.

Maarten Kappelle

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226121642.003.0009

This chapter presents the physical characteristics, biodiversity, and history of tropical dry forests in Costa Rica’s northern Pacific lowlands. First, the authors describe the region’s climate, geology, geomorphology and soils. The authors then give an overview of the different vegetation types and their characteristic plant species for each of the three main sub-regions: 1) Northern Guanacaste and the Península de Santa Elena; 2) Central Guanacaste, the Río Tempisque Basin and Palo Verde Wetland; and 3) The Península de Nicoya. Further, characteristic species of different types or animals are given, and various interspecies interactions are discussed. Finally the chapter discusses forest conversion, secondary succession, and restoration. The authors give a history of land use, deforestation, and biodiversity loss, and continue with a history of recent efforts at reforestation and forest restoration. The chapter ends with a discussion of effective conservation, management, and sustainability strategies.

Keywords:   Costa Rica, lowland, dry forests, Guanacaste, Nicoya, conservation, deforestation, biodiversity

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