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Costa Rican Ecosystems$
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Maarten Kappelle

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780226121505

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226121642.001.0001

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Isla del Coco: Terrestrial Ecosystems

Isla del Coco: Terrestrial Ecosystems

(p.192) Chapter 8 Isla del Coco: Terrestrial Ecosystems
Costa Rican Ecosystems

Michel Montoya

University of Chicago Press

As an oceanic rather than continental island, Isla del Coco’s biota developed as a result of those organisms that arrived at the island through active or passive transport. This chapter presents the state of knowledge on biodiversity and terrestrial ecosystems of Isla de Coco, based on an extensive review of existing information about the island and on previous publications on the island written by the author, as well as on observational field experience obtained during numerous expeditions to the insular territory. The author provides a general history of the island as related to its biodiversity and the development and change of its ecosystems, before proceeding to describe both the physical characteristics of the island, such as its geology, oceanography, and soil, and the biodiversity of its various terrestrial ecosystems. The author notes the increase in human presence on the island and the threat that to the island that this creates, and, having reviewed the literature, ends with a discussion of the necessary focus of future conservation efforts and research.

Keywords:   Costa Rica, biodiversity, terrestrial ecosystems, Isla del Coco, biota

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