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Costa Rican Ecosystems$
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Maarten Kappelle

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780226121505

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226121642.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 21 May 2022

Climate of Costa Rica

Climate of Costa Rica

(p.19) Chapter 2 Climate of Costa Rica
Costa Rican Ecosystems

Wilberth Herrera

University of Chicago Press

Integrated climatological research is needed to better understand the full impact of modern climate change on Costa Rican ecosystems and human society. Costa Rica’s orography, latitude, and nature as an isthmus are the main determinants of its climate. A central mountain range dividing the country into two parts of almost equal size, and other orographic systems that run parallel to the coastline and intercept air masses coming from both oceans, produce a wide variety of climatic characteristics. Consequently, 95 Climate Groups and 55 Biotic Units have been identified in the country despite its small size, ranging from the dry and very warm climate of the lowlands of Guanacaste Province to the very wet, cold climate of the Talamanca Mountain Range. The specific effects of the country’s latitudinal position as well as those of various interacting air masses and atmospheric systems are outlined. Finally, the chapter summarizes the expected effects of climate change on Costa Rica.

Keywords:   Costa Rica, orography, latitude, precipitation, Climate Change, Biological diversity, temperature

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