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The Commerce of WarExchange and Social Order in Latin Epic$
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Neil Coffee

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780226111872

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: March 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226111902.001.0001

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Juno's Agents and the Negotiations of Aeneas

Juno's Agents and the Negotiations of Aeneas

Chapter:
(p.67) Chapter Two Juno's Agents and the Negotiations of Aeneas
Source:
The Commerce of War
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226111902.003.0003

This chapter explores the Aeneid's major figures and ultimately demonstrates Vergil's endorsement of aristocratic socioeconomic values as well as his profound reservations about their efficacy. Vergil's representation of Juno's exchange behavior contrasts with one of her principal roles in Roman society. Juno embodies disorder, in part through her disruptive participation in exchange. The mercantile nature of Dido and her Carthaginians contributes to the picture of the Punic city as the anti-type of Rome. The actions and fates of Nisus and Euryalus convey a skepticism of social structures that balance appetitive commodity and reciprocal behaviors. Aeneas' encounter with Magus show the suspension of his usual habit of seeking reciprocal exchange, the place that the mercantile nature of his opponents plays in that vacillation, his adoption under duress of a similar attitude, and the destruction that will result. Finally, Aeneas' son Ascanius oscillates through the range of economic types.

Keywords:   Aeneid, Juno, Vergil, Dido, Nisus, Euryalus, Aeneas, Roman society

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