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American Universities in a Global Market$
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Charles T. Clotfelter

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780226110448

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: February 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226110455.001.0001

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Higher Education in China

Higher Education in China

Complement or Competition to US Universities?

(p.269) 8 Higher Education in China
American Universities in a Global Market

Haizheng Li

University of Chicago Press

This chapter addresses questions regarding the prospects for higher education in China, focusing on its influences on American universities. The modern Chinese higher education system was greatly influenced by those of foreign countries. The country's higher education first followed the Japanese system and then the American model. China's higher education has been growing rapidly since the beginning of economic reforms, made possible with the resources generated by rapid economic growth. A final challenge is still the central planning administrative system for higher education. Unlike much of the economy, which is in transition toward a market system, the higher education system in China is still largely centrally planned. Government intervention is observed in almost every aspect of teaching and research in universities. The large number of Chinese students in the United States makes it impossible to ignore the impact of the development of China's higher education system on American universities. Therefore, although higher education in China will continue to expand, for the foreseeable future a large portion of the best students from Chinese universities will still go to the United States to further their education. In this sense, Chinese universities are a complement to American universities.

Keywords:   higher education, Chinese universities, American universities, complement, economic reforms

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