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American Universities in a Global Market$
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Charles T. Clotfelter

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780226110448

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: February 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226110455.001.0001

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The Economics of University Science and the Role of Foreign Graduate Students and Postdoctoral Scholars

The Economics of University Science and the Role of Foreign Graduate Students and Postdoctoral Scholars

Chapter:
(p.129) 4 The Economics of University Science and the Role of Foreign Graduate Students and Postdoctoral Scholars
Source:
American Universities in a Global Market
Author(s):

Grant C. Black

Paula E. Stephan

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226110455.003.0005

Universities play an important role in the production of knowledge in the United States. Research is often performed with the assistance of graduate students, postdoctoral scholars, and staff scientists, many of whom are foreign-born and, in the case of graduate students and post-docs, are studying in the United States on temporary visas. This chapter documents the presence and importance of graduate students and post-docs in US academic science, and provides an overview of the way in which university research is financed and structured. It analyzes authorship patterns for two sets of papers: papers having fewer than ten authors and all papers regardless of the number of authors. This analysis demonstrates the important role that students and post-docs play in university research. The heavy reliance on graduate students and postdoctoral scholars in the performance of university research has contributed to the US eminence as a training center for native and foreign-born students and as a producer of research. Factors that reduce either the demand for or supply of graduate students and postdocs have the potential of threatening this eminence.

Keywords:   university science, graduate students, academic science, postdoctoral scholars, training center

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