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American Universities in a Global Market$
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Charles T. Clotfelter

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780226110448

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: February 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226110455.001.0001

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From Brain Drain to Brain Competition

From Brain Drain to Brain Competition

Changing Opportunities and the Career Patterns of US-Trained Korean Academics

Chapter:
(p.335) 10 From Brain Drain to Brain Competition
Source:
American Universities in a Global Market
Author(s):

Sunwoong Kim

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226110455.003.0011

PhDs are the core resource in research and development activities, and where and how they work will determine the effectiveness of not only the higher education sector but also the national innovation system as a whole. The decision of those people to stay or return to their native country will depend on several professional and personal considerations. The purpose of this chapter is to highlight the changes in government policies, institutional arrangements, and market forces in the Korean higher education system, and relate them to the employment choices and career patterns of US-trained Korean academics. Korea is an interesting country to study the employment and residence choice of the US-trained highly skilled knowledge workers. The desirability of staying in the United States after graduation has changed significantly due to the Korean government's policy, as well as the forces of internationalization in higher education and the globalization of the professorial market. The chapter highlights the structural characteristics of the academic job market and explains why the Korean model of brain gain worked but could not be sustained. It also discusses the emerging trends of increased competition and the mass internationalization of higher education since the Asian economic crisis. In the new phase of brain competition, Korean academics will have more cooperation and competition with their US colleagues in joint research projects.

Keywords:   Korean academics, brain drain, brain competition, economic crisis, higher education

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