Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Victorian Scientific NaturalismCommunity, Identity, Continuity$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Bernard Lightman and Gowan Dawson

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780226109503

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226109640.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 24 June 2021

Odd Man Out: Was Joseph Hooker an Evolutionary Naturalist?

Odd Man Out: Was Joseph Hooker an Evolutionary Naturalist?

Chapter:
(p.157) 6 Odd Man Out: Was Joseph Hooker an Evolutionary Naturalist?
Source:
Victorian Scientific Naturalism
Author(s):

Jim Endersby

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226109640.003.0007

Joseph Dalton Hooker has conventionally been regarded as a proponent of scientific naturalism; one of those Victorian men of science whose explanations of natural phenomena excluded divine purpose and teleology in favour of: the atomic theory of matter; the conservation of energy; and, evolution. Naturalism often appears like the glue that connected the three major changes that shaped the redefinition of science during the Victorian period: Darwinism, secularisation and professionalisation. Hence, Hooker has been grouped with the “young guard” of British science, those whom the late Frank Turner described as having taken up “the public championship of professionalized science”. Yet, Hooker seldom referred to himself as a professional, preferring the epithet “philosophical” for himself and those – amateur and professional – whose scientific work he prized. Hooker's allegiance to Darwin was unshakeable, yet – unlike his close friend, Thomas Huxley – Hooker championed evolution by natural selection without attacking conventional religion. This chapter argues that all serious Victorian men of science considered themselves scientific naturalists, hence the category is too broad to be analytically useful.

Keywords:   Joseph Hooker, T. H. Huxley, British Association for the Advancement of Science, Darwinism, professionalization, secularism

Chicago Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.