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Medical MonopolyIntellectual Property Rights and the Origins of the Modern Pharmaceutical Industry$
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Joseph M. Gabriel

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780226108186

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226108216.001.0001

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Medical Science and Property Rights in the Early Republic

Medical Science and Property Rights in the Early Republic

(p.7) Chapter One Medical Science and Property Rights in the Early Republic
Medical Monopoly

Joseph M. Gabriel

University of Chicago Press

This chapter examines medical science, medical ethics, and patent rights in the drug market during the early Republic. It argues that patents were only rarely used by early drug manufacturers, many of whom instead relied on secrecy to protect their products. It also argues that orthodox physicians understood medical science to be opposed to monopoly, and that as a result they considered both patented medicines and medicines made with secret ingredients to be unethical “patent medicines” and a form of quackery. The chapter also details the conflict between orthodox medicine and Thomsonian medicine, then concludes with an analysis of the origins of therapeutic reform and early history of the Pharmacopeia of the United States of America.

Keywords:   patents, patent medicine, Thomsonian medicine, pharmacopeia, medical ethics, therapeutic reform

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