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Success and Failure in Limited WarInformation and Strategy in the Korean, Vietnam, Persian Gulf, and Iraq Wars$
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Spencer D. Bakich

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780226107684

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226107851.001.0001

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Military and Diplomatic Success in the Persian Gulf War

Military and Diplomatic Success in the Persian Gulf War

(p.144) Chapter Five Military and Diplomatic Success in the Persian Gulf War
Success and Failure in Limited War

Spencer D. Bakich

University of Chicago Press

In the Persian Gulf War, America sought to carefully construct a favorable strategic environment so that the war to oust Iraq from Kuwait would not expand to include Israel and the Arab states. To achieve this, a broad coalition was constructed through the United Nations, political objectives were efficiently translated into military strategy, and pressures to expand American war aims were kept in check. This war is remarkable to the extent that American military objectives were achieved and escalation was avoided; the Persian Gulf War was a military and diplomatic success for the U.S. This chapter argues that America's strategic success resulted from the widespread sharing of information and intelligence among all actors and organizations within the American government, including George H. W. Bush, Brent Scowcroft, the National Security Council, the CIA, and generals Colin Powell and Norman Schwarzkopf. Operation Desert Storm's success resulted from this robust American information institution.

Keywords:   Persian Gulf War, George H. W. Bush, Brent Scowcroft, Iraq, United Nations, Desert Storm, National Security Council, CIA, Norman Schwarzkopf, Intelligence

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