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Large Carnivore ConservationIntegrating Science and Policy in the North American West$
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Susan G. Clark and Murray B. Rutherford

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780226107400

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226107547.001.0001

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The North American Model of Wildlife Conservation

The North American Model of Wildlife Conservation

An Analysis of Challenges and Adaptive Options

Chapter:
(p.289) 9 The North American Model of Wildlife Conservation
Source:
Large Carnivore Conservation
Author(s):

Susan G. Clark

Christina Milloy

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226107547.003.0009

The basic premise of the North American Model of Wildlife Conservation is that government wildlife agencies, funded by revenues from public hunting and fishing, use scientific knowledge and expertise to manage wildlife for the public good. Promoted as a century-long success story, the model establishes how wildlife will be used and who gets to decide. But there are concerns about its role and adequacy, including continuing species, population, and habitat losses and growing criticism of scientific management, experts and their roles in society, and the management agencies. This chapter describes the model's doctrine and formula and some of its problems, along with key elements of the social context, the status of wildlife, and the decision process in order to assess how the model has performed in practice. This appraisal suggests a problem definition based on public trust and common interests and offers three strategic options to adapt the model to new circumstances and enhance wildlife conservation.

Keywords:   North American Model of Wildlife Conservation, wildlife conservation, appraisal, wildlife agencies, adaptation, problem definition, common interest

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