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Seeking a Premier EconomyThe Economic Effects of British Economic Reforms, 1980-2000$
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David Card, Richard Blundell, and Richard B. Freeman

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780226092843

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: February 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226092904.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 23 September 2021

Mobility and Joblessness

Mobility and Joblessness

(p.371) 9 Mobility and Joblessness
Seeking a Premier Economy
Paul Gregg, Stephen Machin, Alan Manning
University of Chicago Press

This chapter presents evidence on the extent of regional inequalities in the United Kingdom and whether they have worsened over time. It shows that the country has been successful in creating an integrated national labor market for graduates and argues that the key to understanding how we can reduce regional inequalities lies, in part, in understanding the differences between the graduate and non-graduate labor markets. It also reveals that regional migration rates are much higher for graduates than the less educated and that this is likely to be the main reason why the graduate labor market is more integrated. Graduates are less likely to take a first job in their parental region if they moved away to college. The chapter considers the determinants of residential mobility, including housing tenure. Using census data from 1981 and 1991, it shows that there was little change in the distribution of unemployment and non-employment rates across neighborhoods. It also considers one of the biggest changes to affect neighborhoods during the period: the sale of council houses.

Keywords:   residential mobility, unemployment, United Kingdom, regional inequalities, migration, labor market, housing tenure, council houses

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