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Sociology in AmericaA History$
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Craig Calhoun

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780226090948

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: February 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226090962.001.0001

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Orthodoxy, Heterodoxy, and Hierarchy: “Mainstream” Sociology and Its Challengers

Orthodoxy, Heterodoxy, and Hierarchy: “Mainstream” Sociology and Its Challengers

(p.367) [Ten] Orthodoxy, Heterodoxy, and Hierarchy: “Mainstream” Sociology and Its Challengers
Sociology in America

Craig Calhoun

Jonathan VanAntwerpen

University of Chicago Press

This chapter begins with a retrospective construction and invocation of the category of “mainstream sociology,” with special attention given to the heroes of the insurgents, Mills and Gouldner. It then turns to the era of postwar expansion most frequently associated with the rise and dominance of the so-called mainstream, discussing the figures Bourdieu referred to as the Capitoline triad—Parsons, Merton, and Lazarsfeld—and continuing with a broader view of the postwar elite, including especially developments at the University of Chicago. Next, it presents a critical consideration of the discourse of mainstream sociology. Throughout, the chapter is engaged with the interplay of hierarchy, diversity, orthodoxy, and heterodoxy within postwar American sociology.

Keywords:   American sociology, mainstream sociology, Mills, Gouldner, Capitoline triad, Lazarsfeld

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