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Sex ItselfThe Search for Male and Female in the Human Genome$
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Sarah S. Richardson

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780226084688

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: May 2014

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226084718.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 11 May 2021

The Search for the Sex-Determining Gene

The Search for the Sex-Determining Gene

(p.125) Chapter 7 The Search for the Sex-Determining Gene
Sex Itself

Sarah S. Richardson

University of Chicago Press

Chapters 7 and 8 explore how feminism has changed sex chromosome science. Chapter 7 looks at the case of sex determination genetics, an example of an area in which feminist theories and critiques of science have contributed to advancements in science. In 1990, SRY, the putative sex-determining gene, was identified on the Y chromosome. Yet this gene did not behave as expected. In the 1990s, feminist critiques and theories of gender contributed to the development of a new model of sex determination. In a close reading of diverse primary source and ethnographic materials from this episode, this chapter shows how feminist analysis played a role in this transformation in models of sex determination in the 1990s. In this chapter, the author develops the concept of “gender criticism” to describe the intellectual practice of making gender conception visible in scientific knowledge practices.

Keywords:   Gender criticism, Sex determination, SRY gene, Gender bias, Feminism

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