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The Romantic AbsoluteBeing and Knowing in Early German Romantic Philosophy, 1795-1804$
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Dalia Nassar

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780226084060

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: May 2014

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226084237.001.0001

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From the System of Transcendental Idealism to the Identity Philosophy

From the System of Transcendental Idealism to the Identity Philosophy

Chapter:
(p.212) Chapter Eleven From the System of Transcendental Idealism to the Identity Philosophy
Source:
The Romantic Absolute
Author(s):

Dalia Nassar

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226084237.003.0014

This chapter investigates Schelling’s most well-known philosophical work, the System des transzendentalen Idealismus (1800), explicates Schelling’s justification for the necessity of this work, and compares its methodology with that of the philosophy of nature. It argues that the difference in method betrays a fundamental difference in goals— a difference which ultimately leads Schelling beyond transcendental philosophy to the identity philosophy. The chapter proposes that Schelling’s goal of achieving immediate insight into the absolute cannot, as he maintains in the System, be gained in the work of art. For, as Schelling sees it, the absolute cannot be gleaned indirectly through its manifestations, but only directly in and through itself. The chapter concludes by arguing that it is on account of this implicit contradiction that Schelling abandons the work of art and develops the identity philosophy.

Keywords:   Friedrich Schelling, Fichte, System of Transcendental Idealism, German idealism, intellectual intuition, transcendental philosophy, the absolute, the absolute I, philosophy of art, history of philosophy

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