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Education Policy in Developing Countries$
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Paul Glewwe

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780226078687

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: May 2014

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226078854.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 27 September 2021

Child Health and Educational Outcomes

Child Health and Educational Outcomes

(p.107) 4 Child Health and Educational Outcomes
Education Policy in Developing Countries

Harold Alderman

Hoyt Bleakley

University of Chicago Press

Many developing countries have made significant progress in reducing childhood mortality, yet malnutrition and childhood infections still diminish the future of millions of children. Even if a person is healthy in adulthood, damage from childhood disease and malnutrition can be hard to undo. This chapter reviews evidence that links childhood health to education and human capital formation, focusing on malnutrition and parasitical infections. Policymakers should focus on the amount of learning that takes place in school rather than merely increasing enrollment; better child health can help along this dimension. Inputs to child health are likely to be underprovided for many reasons: diseases are canonical examples of externalities, and parents may under-invest in their children’s early-life nutrition because of imperfect altruism, credit constraints, or simple ignorance. A final advantage of improving childhood health is that it disproportionately benefits the poor, making societies more equitable.

Keywords:   Education, human capital, developing countries, childhood health, childhood malnutrition, parasitical diseases

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