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Toxic SchoolsHigh-Poverty Education in New York and Amsterdam$
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Bowen Paulle

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780226066387

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: May 2014

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226066554.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 29 June 2022

Survival of the Nurtured

Survival of the Nurtured

(p.131) Five Survival of the Nurtured
Toxic Schools

Bowen Paulle

University of Chicago Press

Chapter Five begins with how once promising students get knocked off successful trajectories and propelled towards tragic outcomes. The chapter then details how two male students self-identifying as black not only overcame setbacks (such as being evicted or homeless) but avoided invitations to continue self-destructing and, in one case, used a “failing school” as a springboard into the Ivy League. This chapter shows how habitus formation processes rooted in the past undergirded here and now in-school coping processes shaped by orientations to likely futures. Along with revealing the keys to successful trajectories through overwhelmed schools, this chapter shows why so few of the students ever acquire them. The core finding is that (early) socialization based most fundamentally on socio-emotional networks and body-based learning can contribute not just to comparatively high levels of cultural capital but, even more importantly, to extremely stable, self-disciplined, and coherent second natures.

Keywords:   Habitus, Second nature, Cultural capital, Success, Failing schools, Emotional contagions, Self-control

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